Have you ever imagined what happens on a website in the background? What exactly happens when you click a button to go to another page? And what happens to your private data when you register for a free trial or sign-up on a website? The professionals creating and maintaining the systems that allow websites to process data and carry out actions are called backend developers.
Backend developers are involved in server-side tasks that you cannot see, such as data storage and security, in contrast to frontend developers, who are in charge of everything you can see on a website. Since then, web development has advanced as the internet has changed how people access information. Because of its importance to our digital world, web developers have a high demand. The good news is that anyone can learn the technical abilities required to become a backend developer. First, we will tell you about what backend development is. So, let’s get started! Start your career with Deedok, one of the best Web development training in Lucknow.
What is backend development?
Backend development means working with server-side software that focuses on everything a website cannot display. Backend developers focus on databases, backend logic, application programming interfaces (APIs), architectures, and servers to ensure your website works correctly.
They use coding that helps your browser communicate with the database, and store, understand and delete data. Backend developers work with front-end developers, product managers, leading architects, and website testers to build the structure of a website or mobile app.
Backend developers need to be aware of different tools and frameworks, including languages such as Python, Java, C++, etc. These ensure that the back end responds quickly and responsively to the requests of the front end user.
What benefits do backend developments offer?
It interacts with the front end and provides the business logic, stores data, and accesses the data.
Skills required to be a Backend Developer
There are numerous ways to become a Backend developer. Whether you are a graduate or looking to change careers, assessing your skills and considering developing the new skills required to pursue a backend developer role is critical.
Algorithms and data structures
A backend developer writes code to retrieve data from a database using relational mapping. Some popular DBMS are MySQL, PostgreSQL, SQL Server, and Oracle Database. You must understand how they work.
Databases and servers
Since backend programming governs access to this information, including storage and recovery, you’ll need to know how to stack and recover data from databases. The two most widely used databases are MongoDB and MySQL.
Similar to how you might use cloud storage for your photos, the database stores and organizes the client’s data so that it can be quickly arranged and recovered. Then, this database runs on a server that makes data available upon request.
Clearance for accessibility and security: You should educate yourself on network protocols and web security. Your success as a backend developer will depend on your ability to secure servers and databases.
Workplace skills for backend developers
These workplace skills will help you collaborate more effectively, efficiently, and seamlessly with team members in addition to your technical skills.
Communication: To carry out the engineer’s vision, a backend web developer must fully comprehend it. You can communicate any ideas and troubleshoot with team members and stakeholders with the aid of strong written and verbal communication skills.
Analytical thinking and problem-solving skills: When creating a web or mobile app, you must be able to solve problems analytically and come up with workarounds, such as debugging and revising code without crashing the entire website. As a developer, you should be able to identify the causes of a piece of code’s success or failure and foresee and eliminate errors.
Knowledge of the industry: It’s always helpful to comprehensively understand the tech sector to stay current on platforms, language updates, and broader economic trends. Examine blogs, forums, news, and books about web and app development to brush up on.
Backend Developer Programming Languages
The following items on the list are programming languages and frameworks. One of the essential skills of a backend developer is a thorough understanding of backend programming languages. This includes the following items:
- Two popular Java frameworks are Spring, and Java Server Faces.
- The most popular programming language is Python. It is adaptable and easy to use. Python frameworks such as Django and Flask are used for backend development.
- The C# language is the recommended architecture for backend programming in Windows systems.
- Other languages available include PHP and Ruby. Because backend and frontend developers work so closely together, having a basic understanding of front-end web technologies such as HTML and CSS is also advantageous.
Backend Development Tools
The software framework makes life easier for developers. Laravel is one of the best PHP frameworks for web development due to its features.
SQL is a famous language developers can use to access and manage records/information in databases. This database management system uses SQL to perform tasks. It is also consistent with various standard languages such as Java, Python, and PHP. Well-known websites such as Flickr, Twitter, Facebook, Drupal, and Joomla use MySQL.
Apache Server is an open-source web server. It is one of the market-leading web servers. Works with almost all operating systems. Nearly half of all websites in the world use the Apache web server with PHP.
NGINX is a web server that handles requests using an asynchronous event-driven approach. Popular platforms such as Netflix, WordPress, Autodesk, and DuckduckGo use NGINX.
Stack Overflow Speaking of Stack Overflow, it is the go-to resource for backend developers for questions and answers. Stack Overflow will assist you with the development task if you start to doubt your knowledge. An extensive library of software and programming knowledge can be found on Stack Overflow.
Your development team can always turn to the Overflow community for help with even the most complex issues. Using this platform for knowledge sharing and association management, members of the development team can stay on top of all team knowledge.
Fundamentally, GitHub is the most advanced version control system available and is incomparably powerful. All the benefits of a decentralized version control system are brought to a centralized service by GitHub. GitHub maintains a copy of your project, just like other developers do.
To distribute their updates to and from the repository and share them with their collaborative teams, software developers can use this copy as the project’s central repository. Thanks to this, backend developers can now advance open-source projects and keep track of updates.
Salary of a Backend Developer
According to Glassdoor, the estimated median base salary for a backend web developer in the US as of June 2022 is $115,604. According to Indeed, the average annual salary is $95,072. Depending on your location, your level of seniority, and other elements, this may differ. The demand for backend developers is high. The US Bureau of Labor Statistics projects that demand for web developers will increase by 13% between 2020 and 2030.
Roles of a Backend Developer
The role of the backend developer is to comprehend the website’s objectives and develop efficient solutions.
- Debug and troubleshoot software programs.
- Perform UI tests and performance optimization.
- Participate in the lifecycle of the application.
- Create web applications with clean codes that are sustainable.
- Support and train the other team members.
- Storing data and ensuring that the users who should have access to it can see it.
- Responsible for creating a payment processing system that includes data acceptance, secure data storage, and payment charge creation. Control resources that work across devices using APIs.
- They might work on data science analyses and system architecture.
- It is the responsibility of developers to organize the logic of systems that run on various devices.
- Backend developers must also be involved to make frameworks or architecture easier to program against.
Any application is a system in which each component is essential. The front-end languages and back are two sides of the same whole. For example, a gas pedal is useless without an engine, and a machine does nothing without the pedal. Although this article only scratches the surface of what goes on behind the scenes of an application, we hope you now understand it better.
Start by learning to create web scrapers in a simple programming language like Python. In this manner, you can work for yourself and receive payment for your first programming job as quickly as possible. Start your career in web development.
Your confidence will be at an all-time high once you have mastered programming basics and received payment for your first programming job, making backend development much simpler.